The extent to which these representations embrace or reject homosexuality has been disputed within the religion as well as outside of it. However, there is a strong, ancient concept of third gender , which is for individuals who have strong elements of both male and female in them. According to Sanskrit texts such as the Narada-smriti, Sushruta Samhita, etc. Third genders are described in ancient Vedic texts as males who have a female nature—referring to homosexual men or feminine-gendered males. However, the Kama Sutra clearly describes third-gender men assuming both masculine and feminine identities as well as both receptive and dominant sexual roles.