Numerous other reasons have been adduced for the sustenance of the practice spanning tradition, religion and politics. In some societies, it is used as a kind of social stratification mechanism with those who have been circumcised perceived to be at a higher status than others and is a prerequisite for the right to inheritance 9 , However, evidence has not supported any medical benefits. The person who performs the procedure is often called the circumciser or cutter. In most cases, this is an older woman who does it in the house of the girl or woman, or in circumcision centres. In some communities, it is performed by males, usually barbers because of their skills in handling cutting tools.
An Overview of Female Genital Mutilation in Nigeria
The pleasure doctor fighting to restore clitorises after female genital mutilation
See Article History Alternative Title: In general, voluntary changes are considered to be modifications, and involuntary changes are considered mutilations. Common methods that have been used are incision, perforation, complete or partial removal, cautery, abrasion, adhesion, insertion of foreign bodies or materials, compression, distention, diversion, enlargement, and staining. By the early 21st century, many practices, whether medical dentistry , orthodontics , surgery , aesthetic using cosmetics , or some combination of these engaging in athletic training regimens , had become so common they were rarely thought of as body modifications.
Genital modification and mutilation
Body modification Many types of genital modification are performed at the behest of the individual, for personal, sexual, aesthetic or cultural reasons. Penile subincision , or splitting of the underside of the penis, is widespread in the traditional cultures of Indigenous Australians. This procedure has taken root in Western body modification culture, the modern primitives. Meatotomy is a form that involves splitting of the glans penis alone, while bisection is a more extreme form that splits the penis entirely in half.
Her work as a gynaecological surgeon over the past 25 years has made her one of the leaders in this field — and also in restoring sexual function in clitorises. She is one of only a handful of surgeons who performs this surgery on women who have suffered female genital mutilation FGM or cutting. Reconstructive surgery to repair the physical damage of FGM has been around a long time. His idea was to not only reconstruct the clitoris, but also nerve networks to restore sexual sensation.