This Eastern Mud Salamander Pseudotriton montanus is resting on sphagnum moss. Sphagnum creates bogs by holding water and creating acidic conditions. Sphagnum itself may be up to 70 percent water. Description of Bogs Bogs are one of North America's most distinctive kinds of wetlands.
Many ethnic groups in these territories were conscripted for military service. The casualties listed by modern borders are also included in the above table of figures for the countries that existed in The casualty figures by post war borders are rough estimates by Russian historian Vadim Erlikman in a handbook of human losses in the 20th century, the sources of his figures were published in the Soviet era and in post-Soviet Russia. They noted that Erlikman's figures are based on the work of the Russian demographer Boris Urlanis, they noted that these estimates were "imprecise" and "could be used to provide a frame of reference for further inquiry". Civilian dead due to famine and disease were 25, Civilian dead were 60, Civilian dead were ,